[公告] 「港台學術資訊」不是我的微博

Thursday, August 17, 2017

[Dissertation] The Mancheng Tombs: Shaping the Afterlife of the 'Kingdom within the Mountains' in Western Han China (206 BCE-8 CE)

Shi Jie

University of Chicago


Wu Hung


To extend the imperial authority to the newly conquered lands, early Western Han emperors in the second century BCE dispatched their sons and brothers to reign over a number of remote kingdoms in the unruly border regions, whose people lived in vivid memories of their pre-imperial pasts. While ancient historians only left succinct and fragmentary documents about these kingdoms, modern archaeologists have excavated dozens of royal tombs, which allow us to probe into religious, social, and political agendas of early imperial Chinese rulers.

This dissertation scrutinizes one king’s complex identification with himself, his family, and his state in the formative period of the Chinese empire by analyzing his and his wife’s tombs, dubbed Mancheng Tombs 1 and 2, located in Hebei province in the northern border region of the Han Empire. Widely acknowledged as the richest, largest, highest-ranking, and best-preserved royal tombs so far excavated in early imperial China, both tombs were found miraculously intact. More than ten thousand objects, many of which have been declared national treasures of China, were distributed on the floors in meaningful patterns across a cluster of interconnected, house-like burial chambers. These parallel tombs were occupied by King Liu Sheng 劉勝 (d. 113 BCE) and Queen Dou Wan 竇綰 (d. ca. 109 BCE), who re-established the originally non-Chinese “barbaric” state called Zhongshan 中山 (literally, “People within Mountains”) in 154 BCE.

This dissertation argues that architectural plans, the patterns of furnishing, and the diversity of burial objects addressed the royal couple’s three major concerns during their lives: harmonizing the body with the soul, the husband with the wife, and the Chinese with the “barbaric.” In doing so, this dissertation methodologically synthesizes interdisciplinary methodologies from history of art, archaeology, and sinology by closely reading visual materials from the royal tombs and textual materials about Zhongshan in conjunction with one another.

This dissertation consists of three major chapters. Chapter 1 examines the tombs’ pattern of furnishing as the material embodiment of the traditional Chinese philosophy of harmonizing body and soul, which were housed respectively in the rear coffin and the front chamber. Chapter 2 studies the parallel relationship between the twin tombs as a visual commentary on the discourse of ideal husband and wife, who is mirroring and subject to the husband. The last Chapter 3 shows how non-Chinese elements were intertwined with Chinese elements in the tomb to represent the king’s double identity both as the heir to the local “barbaric” cultural tradition and as a Chinese imperial representative.

This dissertation makes a contribution to the field of Chinese art history and culture not only by providing the first comprehensive analysis of one of the most important archaeological discoveries of ancient China, but also by offering a theoretical and methodological reflection of what early Chinese tombs were and how to study them as a source for historical inquiries.

Wednesday, August 9, 2017

Between History and Philosophy: Anecdotes in Early China

Paul van Els
Sarah A. Queen

Publication Date:
September 2017


Between History and Philosophy is the first book-length study in English to focus on the rhetorical functions and forms of anecdotal narratives in early China. Edited by Paul van Els and Sarah A. Queen, this volume advances the thesis that anecdotes—brief, freestanding accounts of single events involving historical figures, and occasionally also unnamed persons, animals, objects, or abstractions—served as an essential tool of persuasion and meaning-making within larger texts. Contributors to the volume analyze the use of anecdotes from the Warring States Period to the Han Dynasty, including their relations to other types of narrative, their circulation and reception, and their central position as a mode of argumentation in a variety of historical and philosophical literary genres.

Table of Contents


Anecdotes in Early China
Paul van Els and Sarah A. Queen

Part I. Anecdotes, Argumentation, and Debate

1. Non-deductive Argumentation in Early Chinese Philosophy
Paul R. Goldin

2. The Frontier between Chen and Cai: Anecdote, Narrative, and Philosophical Argumentation in Early China
Andrew Seth Meyer

3. Mozi as a Daoist Sage? An Intertextual Analysis of the “Gongshu” Anecdote in the Mozi
Ting-mien Lee

4. Anecdotal Barbarians in Early China
Wai-yee Li

Part II. Anecdotes and Textual Formation

5. Anecdote Collections as Argumentative Texts: The Composition of the Shuoyuan 說苑
Christian Schwermann

6. From Villains Outwitted to Pedants Out-Wrangled: The Function of Anecdotes in the Shifting Rhetoric of the Han Feizi
Heng Du

7. The Limits of Praise and Blame: The Rhetorical Uses of Anecdotes in the Gongyangzhuan 公羊傳
Sarah A. Queen

Part III. Anecdotes and History

8. History without Anecdotes: Between the Zuozhuan and the Xinian 繫年Manuscript
Yuri Pines

9. Cultural Memory and Excavated Anecdotes in “Documentary” Narrative: Mediating Generic Tensions in the Baoxun 保訓 Manuscript
Rens Krijgsman

10. Old Stories No Longer Told: The End of the Anecdotes Tradition of Early China
Paul van Els


Thursday, August 3, 2017

[Dissertation] Dealing with Childbirth in Medieval Chinese Buddhism: Discourses and Practices

LIN, Hsin-Yi

Columbia University

Bernard Faure



In Buddhism birth is regarded as the origin of suffering and impurity, whereas it also forms the physical basis indispensible for seeking and attaining awakening. Birth is both the starting points of incuring defilement and achieving sanctity. Pointing out this paradox on birth in Buddhism and situating the issue within the context of Chinese religion and history, this dissertation extensively investigates Buddhist discourses and practices of reproduction in medieval China. It anwsers how Buddhist discourses and practices of childbirth were transmitted, transformed, and applied in medieval China, and how they interacted with indigenous healing resources and practices in both Chinese religious and medical realms. Through examining the primary sources such as the excavated Day Books (Chapter One), Buddhist hagiographies (Chapter Two), Buddhist obstetric and embryological discourses (Chapter Three and Four) and healing resources preserved in Tripitaka and Dunhuang manuscripts, Dunhuang transformation texts and tableaux, and miracle tales and anecdote literature (Chapter Four and Five), I argue that not only was there a paradoxical dualism at the heart of Buddhism's relationship with reproduction, but also Buddhism provides abundant healing resources for dealing with childbirth on the practical level. Overall I contend that Buddhist healing resources for childbirth served as an effective channel through which Buddhist teaching, worldview and concepts of gender and body were conveyed to its supplicants. Through this investigation, this dissertation contributes to the understanding of the association of Buddhism with medicine, the influence of Buddhist discourses and practices of reproduction on China, and the transmission of Buddhist views of gender, the body, and life to China through its healing activities related to childbirth.

Monday, July 31, 2017


土肥義和 (Dohi Yoshikazu); 氣賀澤保規 (KEGASAWA Yasunori)


Publication Date:
April, 2017

Table of Contents:

序 …… 氣賀澤保規

Ⅰ 制度・行政文書

伊藤敏雄 樓蘭出土漢文文字資料中の簿籍と公文書について

町田隆吉 河西出土五胡時代「板」(官吏辭令書)小攷

關尾史郎 「貲簿」の周邊

王 素 高昌王令形式總論
(河内 桂譯)

荒川正晴 通行證としての公驗と牒式文書

土肥義和 唐代における均田法施行の史料雜抄

劉 安志 唐代解文初探
(速水 大譯)

Ⅱ 地域と社会

妹尾達彦 唐長安の都市核と進奏院

古瀬奈津子 書儀・往來物を通じてみた日唐親族の比較
石田勇作 9~10世紀敦煌地域社會と組織の一斷面

赤木崇敏 曹氏歸義軍節度使系譜攷

吉田 豊 コータンのユダヤ・ソグド商人?

松井 太 トゥルファン=ウイグル人社會の連保組織

Ⅲ 文化と思想

朱 玉麒 トルファン文書にみえる漢文文學史料

張 娜麗 玄奘の譯場と玄應の行實

伊藤美重子 敦煌寫本「醜女縁起」の依據する經典の再檢討

岩本篤志 敦煌文獻と傳存文獻の間

丸山裕美子 磯部武男氏所藏「朋友書儀」斷簡について(再論)

余 欣 中古時期における瑞應圖書の源流

吉田章人 東洋文庫における IOM RAS 所藏非佛教漢語文書の整理と考察


Friday, July 28, 2017

Behaving Badly in Early and Medieval China

N. Harry Rothschild, Leslie V. Wallace

University of Hawaii Press

Publication Date:
August 31, 2017


Behaving Badly in Early and Medieval China presents a rogues’ gallery of treacherous regicides, impious monks, cutthroat underlings, ill-bred offspring, and disloyal officials. It plumbs the dark matter of the human condition, placing front and center transgressive individuals and groups traditionally demonized by Confucian annalists and largely shunned by modern scholars. The work endeavors to apprehend the actions and motivations of these men and women, whose conduct deviated from normative social, cultural, and religious expectations.

Early chapters examine how core Confucian bonds such as those between parents and children, and ruler and minister, were compromised, even severed. The living did not always reverently pay homage to the dead, children did not honor their parents with due filiality, a decorous distance was not necessarily observed between sons and stepmothers, and subjects often pursued their own interests before those of the ruler or the state. The elasticity of ritual and social norms is explored: Chapters on brazen Eastern Han (25–220) mourners and deviant calligraphers, audacious falconers, volatile Tang (618–907) Buddhist monks, and drunken Song (960–1279) literati reveal social norms treated not as universal truths but as debated questions of taste wherein political and social expedience both determined and highlighted individual roles within larger social structures and defined what was and was not aberrant.

A Confucian predilection to “valorize [the] civil and disparage the martial” and Buddhist proscriptions on killing led literati and monks alike to condemn the cruelty and chaos of war. The book scrutinizes cultural attitudes toward military action and warfare, including those surrounding the bloody and capricious world of the Zuozhuan (Chronicle of Zuo), the relentless violence of the Five Dynasties and Ten States periods (907–979), and the exploits of Tang warrior priests―a series of studies that complicates the rhetoric by situating it within the turbulent realities of the times. By the end of this volume, readers will come away with the understanding that behaving badly in early and medieval China was not about morality but perspective, politics, and power.

Table of Contents:

There are maggots in my soup! : medieval accounts of unfilial children / Keith N. Knapp

Negative role models: unfilial stories in Song miscellaneous writing / Cong Ellen Zhang

Copulating with one's stepmother—or birth mother? / Paul R. Goldin

Intransigent and corrupt officials during the early Han / Anthony Barbieri-Low

Ritual without rules: Han-Dynasty mourning practice revisited / Miranda Brown and Anna-Alexandra Fodde-Regue

Bad writing: cursive calligraphy and the ethics of orthography in the eastern Han Dynasty / Vincent S. Leung

Wild youths and fallen officials: falconry and moral opprobrium in early medieval China / Leslie V. Wallace

Stopping drinking: alcohol, alcoholism, and Song literati / Edward van-Bibber Orr

Flouting, flashing and favoritism: an insouciant Buddhist monk bares his midriff before the Confucian court / N. Harry Rothschild

Running amok in early Chinese narrative / Eric Henry

"Wolves shepherding the people": cruelty and violence in the Five dynasties / Wang Hongjie

A "villain-monk" brought down by a villein-general: a forgotten page in Tang monastic warfare and state-samgha relations / Chen Jinhua

Martial monks without borders: was Sinseong a traitor or did he open the gate to a pan-Asian Buddhist realm? / Kelly Carlton

Sunday, July 23, 2017


岩本憲司 (Kenji Iwamoto)


Publication Date:
June, 2017

Table of Contents: